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ESSAY: FEAR IN THE FACE OF TIME, OR FEAR IN THE FACE OF CREATION AND EVOLUTION PDF Print E-mail
Psychology - Soul

Area controlling emotion of fearFear of the future is common to all of us. Daily and social life is determined by our attitude towards fear in the face of time. The positive and negative characters in history and the trends of thought are shaped by the manner in which they react to this. For those who have surrendered to fear, all the spiritual, intellectual, and biological 'children' of evolution constitute a threat. Surrender to the pressure of fear in the face of time causes what the writer calls the 'Herod Syndrome'. This attitude to fear in the face of time is behind every closed society. Yet again it seems that we are heading towards an explosion of barbarity.

The magnitude of this catastrophic explosion will be analogous to the intensity with which we trigger off the model of competition. Our fixation on this archaic phobic model threatens the sustainability of civilisation and its meaning. Archetypal symbols of this fixation are Oedipus and Caesar.

Freud confirmed with psychoanalysis what the experience of wars, religious and political persecutions, and other atrocities demonstrated: that man inclines towards aggressiveness and is characterised by a tendency towards domination. Freud analysed exclusively the lower aspect of man and proclaimed that civilised behaviour is none other than a mask which is adjusted to social and legal rules. In periods of crisis, after the breakdown of the mechanisms of enforcement, the civilised individual usually becomes 'another person '. The three basic instincts which motivate him come crudely to the surface: the instinct of the herd, of reproduction, and of self-preservation.

Which anthropological model liberates the consciousness from this vicious circle? Which model restores healthiness to human relations which have been undermined by the psychological pattern expressed by Oedipus? The writer maintains that there is a roadmap out of this impasse, which he calls 'troubled identity' to its transformation into 'unselfish identity'. The roadmap was charted, often, in symbolic form. According to the psychologist Carl Jung, symbolism is the international language of the unconscious and its images are the inclination towards the filling of the gaps of the human soul. From this point of view, an examination of the life of Christ, of Orpheus, and of other figures in the world cultural heritage is of the greatest interest.

Liberation from fear frees our intelligence on new horizons. It reveals a new hierarchicing of life. Its scale is no longer defined by prestige and power, but by the capability of achieving synthesis and liberation from the bonds of desire and fear, and by the spirit of unselfish service.

Our life is not condemned to humiliating subordination to barbarity. Liberation from this both at a psychological and at a social level is possible. Following the road of liberation from the archaic to a symbiotic and collective psychology is more necessary than it has ever been in the past. Contrary to the practice of the champions of the doctrine of competition, the nature of the good is the strongest factor for sustainability.

The five articles below by Ioannis Zisis are a contribution to the public debate on the psychological causes of world crises and the quest for solutions.

THE 'HEROD SYNDROME'

JEALOUSY AND COMPETITIVENESS IN THE FACE OF WHAT IS HIGHER

SYMBOLIC IDOLISATION

TABOO, TOTEM & TRANSCENDENCE OF THE WILL TO POWER

FROM THE POWER-BASED TO THE COLLECTIVE MODEL

 

Solon editorial team


Photo from Wikimedia

 
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