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Democracy-Totalitarianism
From the culture of war to the culture of peace, by Demosthenes Kyriazis PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

polemosThe dominant culture of humanity and its causes

In the known history of mankind, dominant culture of different peoples was and still is the culture of war; it was and is the civilization of war. Reference to this fact originated first from the Greek philosopher Heraclitus, from Ionia (544-484 BC) who declared that: The war is the father and king of all things that make some people Gods, others free and others slaves. “Πόλεμος πάντων μέν πατήρ ἐστι, πάντων δέ βασιλεύς, καί τούς μέν θεούς ἔδειξε τούς δέ ἀνθρώπους, τούς μέν δούλους ἐποίησε, τούς δέ ἐλευθέρους” .

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The distance between the three powers and the popular mandate PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

Yiannis Zisis kasetina lgThe issue of the distance observable between each of the three powers and the popular mandate is fundamental to the political situation in any age of history, but has taken on special importance in our own, because it is in this that societies have acquired and have achieved a certain degree of popular sovereignty, even if only at the level of constitutional formulation. Some serious problems arise in connection with the popular mandate as an expression of popular sovereignty.

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ARE POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY AND THE LEGITIMATION OF GOVERNMENTS STILL VALID? PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

electionIn the critical age that we are going through - at a world and not only a national level - and in spite of the institutional development of 'democracy' and the technological progress of our civilisation, we discover that there is a vast democratic deficit and a turn towards totalitarianism, in spite of the fact that the means used in the West for the imposition of power are at present different from what they were in the past.

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INFORMATION AS A FACTOR IN TOTALITARIANISM PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

Pliroforia Polyhedron commonOn information as a factor in totalitarianism, we have a very traditional picture which fits military dictatorships or those of the former socialism in practice. In this picture, the 'information' is minimal and controlled, and so man's need for the extension of knowledge and for contact cannot be satisfied.

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THE ROLE OF THE LAW AND THE RELATION BETWEEN POSITIVE AND NATURAL LAW PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

Election_registrationA. The significance of the concepts for democracy 
The crisis of the age in which we live is so serious and decisive for the whole of mankind that if we do not make up our minds to deal with it in a radical manner, we shall face a worse disaster than that of the Second World War - and a much more extensive one.

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THE UNADMITTED DEFICIT OF DEMOCRACY PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

World chart aaUp to the present, basic efforts to maintain democracy have relied on the institutional organisation of the state and society. These efforts, however, the further we have distanced ourselves from the Second World War and have forgotten, have contracted and remained very feeble, since, in part, they have been replaced, transitorily, by material prosperity and the welfare state, and have thus led to complacency.

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The causes of contradictory views on the regime of the Athenian Democracy (by Demosthenes Kyriazis) Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

acropolis-athens 230The opinions of experts, of "experts" and of ordinary citizens about the regime of the Athenian Democracy, of the Direct Democracy as we call it today, are classified into two categories of contradictory conclusions:
1.In those which present it as the most popular and humanistic regime, developed throughout the known man’s history, and,
2.In those which present it as an oligarchy with sham equality of citizens; as an oligarchic regime, whose real name is «despotism of the majority of wealthy people"

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POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY AND REFERENDUMS PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

2010_electionsThe thoughts which follow do not concern the soundness or otherwise of the proposal for the holding of a referendum, but the conclusion drawn from the way the political world expressed their reaction, which demonstrates the conception which it has of popular sovereignty. It is not our intention to concern ourselves with government and party policies, because it is our belief that what really is capable of regulating things, over time, is the consciousness of human beings and a change in the models of life and not issues of this type receiving publicity- whatever the evolution of these current topics may be.

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Why in Ancient Greece the greatest civilization has been developed (by Demosthenes Kyriazis) Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

the Parthenon in AthensThe theories
It is a general and lasting recognition that the philosophical, political, social, artistic, scientific and other achievements of the ancient Greeks are top ones and at least so far unsurpassed. Understandably therefore the query:

Why only in Greece and why only then in Greece such a culture has been developed? 

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THE PLACE OF ARISTOCRACY IN DEMOCRACY PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

Abigail_hat_commonIn the light of the world-wide interest which has focused on the recent royal wedding in Great Britain, we should perhaps take a look at another side of the issue which has escaped the attention of a large number of people. First, the problem is not the distinction made between royal and non-royal weddings, because kingship served its purpose in the past, as did the other forms of aristocracy, at a time when peoples were ignorant and easily subject to their passions, as the plebeians were when they wanted wars, whereas the patricians saved Rome by their wariness. An even nobler example is that of the last - mythical - king of Athens, Codrus, who in full awareness sacrificed himself in order to save the city.

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Why Greece became the cradle of the Democracy (by Demosthenes Kyriazis) Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

periklis-pnikaNote: The answer to the above question is based on our estimation that the Ancient Greek Democracy is the regime with the lowest social entropy of all the regimes that have occurred in the known human history.(1)

The Entropy in natural and social systems
In Statistical Mechanics, the entropy of natural systems is defined as “the measure of disorder, of ataxia”.(2) Low entropy means little ataxia.

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WHY IS TOTALITARIANISM MAKING A COME-BACK? PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

In order to answer this question, we must, to begin with, investigate the meaning of totalitarianism and then give an account of the conditions preceding its re-appearance (if, of course, it can be said to have previously disappeared). As to the meaning of totalitarianism, we should note that this should refer as much as possible to inner states of man, because if it is treated only as external phenomena, we shall at regular intervals be faced with the same problem in another or the same form. 

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TOTALITARIANISM AND MORALS PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

1. One of the most common forms of totalitarianism is that which is connected with issues of conventional morality, where the term 'conventional' means that which is now known and accepted from the past on general lines by the whole of society. It is usually based on the form of human actions, on actions which are apparent, and for that reason attaches so much importance to formalities. But such a dependence on these forms and such an adaptation even of delinquency have been created that a new approach disrupts irreparably the established order of the conscience.

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WHEN PNYKA WILL GO TO CITIZENS (by Demosthenes Kyriazis) PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism
parthenonas(Note: “Pnyka” is a hill opposite and southwest of Acropolis in Athens. Since the end of the 6th c BC it has been established as the place where the “Ecclesia of Demos”, that is the assembly of ancient Athens citizens, convened. Afterwards it has been recognized as a landmark of Democracy).

The today’s crisis and its overcome
Nowadays the word crisis is heard a lot, louder and more often than in the past; crisis of the political system, crisis of the economical system, crisis of the educational system, crisis of the health system, crisis…. crisis… crisis…..

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DIRECT DEMOCRACY, THE REGIME OF LOW ENTROPY (by Demosthenes Kyriazis) PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

ConfedeThe notion of Entropy.  
The term “Entropy” comes out from the Greek words “εν & τροπή” (in & conversion). The term was at first used from the German Physicist Clausious to express the difficulty of heat conversion into mechanical work. In a broader sense the term entropy expresses the measure of internal difficulty to transform one physical entity to another.

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FRANCE AND OTHER MEMBER STATES MUST HALT EXPULSIONS IMMEDIATELY PDF Print E-mail
Democracy-Totalitarianism

pict_20100909PHT81843Expressing "deep concern" at recent measures taken by the French authorities and other EU Member States, Parliament argued on Thursday that mass expulsions of Roma people violate EU law as they amount to discrimination on the basis of race.

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